Paper -

Was first made at Nuremberg in the year 1390; in England, in 1450, and in America, near Philadelphia, in 1690. It was probably known in China 2,000 years ago.

Modern PAPER is manufactured from a great variety of articles - wood, rags, rope, etc. - reduced to a pulp. Bag-PAPER is made principally from wood pulp, the wood being converted by either mechanical or chemical means.

Mechanically-made pulp consists of the wood ground up, generally by water pressure, and then pressed into thick sheets or "blankets."

When chemically treated, the wood is cut into chips and treated with sulphurous or other acid. The pulp finally appears in "blankets" as from the mechanical process.

The next step is the mixing of different kinds of pulp to produce the desired grades of PAPER, followed by "beating," in which the fibres are drawn out and the pulp again thoroughly mixed, various chemicals being added for "size" and color, etc. The "stock" is then ready for the PAPER machine, where the fibres are shaken on moving wire cloth, the greater part of the water being thus removed and the fibres so interlocked as to obtain the desired strength. Next comes the drying, a very important process - thorough dryness is essential, yet PAPER that is overdried is brittle and entirely unsuitable for bag purposes, etc.

PAPER is put up in reams, containing when full count twenty quires of twenty-four sheets each. It is sold by count, but is usually short of the standard number of sheets called for by the ream, quire, etc. Its quality for BAGS, etc., is easily tested by its strength in comparison with its weight. See also BAGS and WAXED PAPER.

Arround Paper in The Grocer's Encyclopedia

Papaw, Paw-paw, Papayahome

The Grocer's Encyclopedia
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